Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection of the central nervous system. It is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected tick. Less commonly the disease can be spread through drinking unpasteurised milk from infected animals, especially goats.
It's mainly found in parts of Europe (east, central and north), Russia, China, Japan and South Korea. The main season in which it occurs is from late spring until early autumn and is found mainly in rural/forested areas where ticks are common.
Travelers to risk areas are recommended to get a vaccination against TBE as a preventative measure. Also, travelers should take precautions to avoid insect bites such as covering body limbs with clothing and using insect repellents.
Most cases of TBE don’t present with any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, flu like symptoms with fever is common. This can develop into inflammation of the central nervous system, headaches, and signs of meningitis. It can lead to severe neurological paralysis and can be fatal in some cases.
There is a vaccination available in the UK for those at risk of TBE by the name of TicoVac and TicoVac Junior for children. It's a course of 3 doses. Book a consultation in advance to get the full course of vaccine before traveling.